Vehicle Safety Laboratory

 

1. The scope of the work done by the Laboratory includes:

The Laboratory conducts tests for compliance with national and international standards, in the field of passive safety, of the following:

  • complete vehicles and their components,
  • vehicles equipment,
  • road restraint systems and passive safety of support structures for road equipment,
  • vehicle occupants’ protection systems (child seats, seats for all categories of cars),
  • frontal protection systems (bull-bars or supplementary bumpers),
  • components and accessories for cargo securing,
  • the construction of trucks for compliance with the requirements of PN-EN 12642 (code XL), in the scope of static and dynamic tests,
  • materials used in the automotive industry.

Research Network Łukasiewicz - Automotive Industry Institute, in accordance with the announcement of the Minister of Infrastructure, conducts research confirming compliance with the Technical Conditions of Vehicles after the implementation of structural changes.

In addition to the above, the Laboratory offers:

  • consultations on technical, design, and legal issues within the scope of the tests performed,
  • tests and research according to the Client's requirements (also ones not included in the normative regulations).

 

2. Research equipment of the Laboratory:

The Laboratory is equipped with unique research facilities in the scope of passive safety on
a national scale:

  • test stand for crash tests of complete vehicles that allows to perform vehicle collisions up to  5 tons weight of the vehicle at 80 km/h with a deformable and undeformable barrier,
  • traverse stand for crash tests of vehicles with road restraint systems, support structures and others,
  • test stand to simulation of dynamic phenomena, that allows programming of deceleration characteristics (deceleration value and time). This device lets to perform non-destructive simulations of vehicle equipment collisions,
  • test stands for flammability, burning behaviour and capability to repel fuel or lubricant of materials used in construction of motor vehicles.

 

The equipment and measuring apparatus of the Laboratory includes, among others:

  • test stands for child restraint systems (child seats),
  • test stands for tests of seats and head restraints in passenger cars and buses,
  • test stands for tests of safety belts, door locks and door retention components, interior fittings, steering wheels,
  • ergonomic, anthropomorphic test dummies e.g. adults dummies (TNO-10, Hybrid II and III, EuroSID) and children dummies (P and Q series);
  • pedestrian protection test device during crash of pedestrian with vehicle (lower legform impactor according to the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 631/2009);
  • wireless data acquisition system;
  • deceleration, force, moment, and displacement transducers;
  • digital high-speed camera system (up to 500 000 frames per second), allowing the crash test to be recorded from above, from the side and from below. In addition, the measuring equipment allows for the recording and subsequent analysis of a number of fast-changing phenomena.

The equipment applied by the Laboratory fulfils the requirements of ISO 6487 "Road vehicles. Measurement techniques in impact tests. Instrumentation".

 

3. The laboratory guarantees:

  • tests conducted by high-class specialists,
  • professional research facilities,
  • short, on-time testing.

 

4. Certificates and legal acts:

The Laboratory conducts test in the scope of safety of vehicles and their equipment, among others in the scope presented in the Certificate of Accreditation No. AB 082, issued by the Polish Centre for Accreditation. The tests are conducted in accordance with the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025.

On the basis of the authorization of the Minister in charge of transport, the Laboratory conducts tests for the purpose of type approval of a vehicle, part or their equipment, necessary to obtain a certificate of type approval, according to the requirements of the following legal regulations:

  • UN ECE Regulation No. 11– Door latches and door retention components,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 12– Protection of the driver against the steering mechanism in the event of impact,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 14– Safety-belt anchorages,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 16–Safety-belts, restraint systems, child restraint systems and ISOFIX child restraint systems,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 17– Seats, their anchorages and any head restraints,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 21– Interior fittings,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 25– Head restraints (headrests), whether or not incorporated in vehicle seats,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 26– External projections,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 32 and 33– Behavior of the structure of the impacted vehicle in
  • a rear-end and head-on collision,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 34 – Fire protection,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 35– Arrangements of foot controls,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 42– Front and rear protection devices,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 44– Restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles (‘Child Restraint Systems’),
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 58– Rear underrun protective devices (RUPDs) and with regard to the installation of an RUPD of an approved type and vehicles with regard to their rear underrun protection (RUP),
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 61– External projections forward of the cab’s rear panel,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 66– Strength of superstructure of large passenger vehicles,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 67– Specific equipment of vehicles of category M and N using LPG in their propulsion system and vehicles of category M and N fitted with LPG in their propulsion system with regard to the installation of such equipment,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 73– Lateral protection devices (LPD) and vehicles with regard to the installation of LPD,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 80– Seats of large passenger vehicles and of these vehicles with regard to the strength of the seats and their anchorages,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 93– Front underrun protective devices (FUPDs) and vehicles with regard to the installation of an FUPD and vehicles with regard to their front underrun protection (FUP),
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 107– Vehicles category M2 or M3 with regard to their general construction,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 110–Components of motor vehicles using compressed natural gas (CNG) and/or liquefied natural gas (LNG) in their propulsion system and vehicles with regard to the installation of CNG/LNG ,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 118– Burning behavior and the capability to repel fuel or lubricant of materials used in the construction of certain categories of motor vehicles,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 126 – Partitioning systems to protect passengers against displaced luggage, supplied as non-original vehicle equipment,
  • UN ECE Regulation No. 129 – Enhanced Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles (ECRS),
  • Regulation (EC) No 78/2009 on the type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users,
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1322/2014 supplementing and amending Regulation (EU) No 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to vehicle construction and general requirements for the approval of agricultural and forestry vehicles,
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/208 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to vehicle functional safety requirements for the approval of agricultural and forestry vehicles ,
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 3/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to vehicle functional safety requirements for the approval of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles,
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 44/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the vehicle construction and general requirements for the approval of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles.

 

Moreover, the Laboratory conducts tests for compliance with the following legal acts:

Standards:

  • PN-EN 1317-1,2,3, ENV 1317-4 – Road restraint systems (including: impact tests and crash cushions),
  • PN-EN 12767 - Passive safety of support structures for road equipment,
  • PN-EN 1789 - Medical vehicles and their equipment - Road ambulances,
  • PN-90/S-47013 - Trucks, buses and trolleybuses - Driver's cab,
  • PN-EN 12195-1,2,3,4 - Load restraint assemblies on road vehicles (including: web lashing made from man-made materials, lashing chains, lashing steel wire ropes),
  • PN-EN 12640 - Securing of cargo on road vehicles - Lashing points on commercial vehicles for goods transportation,
  • PN-EN 12642 - Securing of cargo on road vehicles - Body structure of commercial vehicles (static and dynamic tests),
  • ISO 27956 - Road vehicles — Securing of cargo in delivery vans,
  • ISO 7176-19 – Wheelchairs — Part 19: Wheeled mobility devices for use as seats in motor vehicles,
  • ISO 10542-1 – Wheelchair tiedown and occupant-restraint systems,
  • PN-S-48007:1997 - Road vehicles - Door and lid locks and hinges and clips on the sides of load case.

 

In scope of material properties tests:

  • PN-ISO 2781 - Rubber, vulcanized - Determination of density,
  • PN-ISO 1817 - Rubber, vulcanized - Determination of the effect of liquids,
  • PN-ISO 3795 - Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Determination of burning behaviour of interior materials,
  • PN-EN ISO 1183-1 - Plastics - Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics,
  • PN-EN ISO 62- Plastics - Determination of water absorption,
  • PN-EN ISO 2409 - Paints and varnishes - Cross-cut test,
  • PN-ISO 9227 - Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres -- Salt spray tests,
  • PN 76/C-81521 - Paints and varnishes -- Determination of water resistance and soaking properties of varnish coatings,
  • PN-EN ISO 179-2 – Plastics – Charpy impact,
  • PN-ISO 3795, Directive 95/28/EC (Annexes: 4, 5, 6),
  • PN-EN ISO 2812-1 -  Paints and varnishes - Determination of resistance to liquids.

 

Technical Specifications:

  • WT/059/PIMOT/15 – Baggage racks and other devices that may be attached to the outside of the vehicle,
  • WT/008/PIMOT/18 – Towing ropes,
  • WT/108/PIMOT/16 – Seat covers of vehicles provided with side airbags,
  • WT/012/PIMOT/10 – Screw springs of front and rear suspension.

 

 

Contact us:

M.Eng. Przemysław Pająk
Manager of the Vehicle Safety Laboratory
Telephone: +48 22 7777-141
Mobile: + 48 607 078 079
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.